Isopropyl Alcohol : An organic compound, the isomer of n-propanol, also known as dimethyl methanol and 2-propanol, is also used as IPA in the industry. It is a colorless and transparent liquid with an odor like a mixture of ethanol and acetone.
1. Application of isopropanol in the chemical industry
Isopropanol can be used as a chemical raw material to produce acetone, hydrogen peroxide, methacrylic acid, diisobutyl ketone isopropylamine, isopropyl ether, isopropanol ether, isopropyl chloride and so on. In fine chemicals, isopropanol can be used to produce isopropyl nitrate, isopropyl xanthate, phosphorous acid, triisopropyl ester, aluminum triisopropoxide, medicines, and pesticides. As a solvent, it can be used to produce paints, inks, extractants, aerosols, etc. It can also be used as an antifreeze, detergent and gasoline additive, a dispersant for pigment production, a fixing agent for the printing industry, an antifogging agent for glass and transparent plastics and so on.
2. Application of isopropanol as defoamer
Isopropanol is used as a defoamer for water-based fracturing fluids in oil wells. Air forms an explosive mixture, which can cause combustion and explosion when exposed to open flames and high heat.
It can react with oxidants. Its vapor is heavier than air and can spread to a considerable distance in a lower place, and it will backfire when it encounters a fire source. In case of high heat, the internal pressure of the container will increase and there is a danger of cracking and explosion.